1. Definition, Objectives and Uses of the Census
1.1 General Background
The Department of Statistics (DoS) in cooperation with the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority has Implemented the Population & Housing Units Census in Aqaba City in December 2007. This census was implemented in response to the need of the Authority for updated on the different characteristics of Population & Housing Units, for the purpose of serving the implementation of development and investment projects in Aqaba. It was implemented based on the Memorandum of Understanding which was signed between the Authority and the (DoS) in 2006.
By virtual of this Memo, the (DoS) shall carry out a Population & Housing Census once every three years on request of the Authority. The first census was determined by the Authority to be conducted in 2007.
The (DoS) implemented a series of Population & Housing Censuses at national level in 1952, 1961, 1979, 1994 and 2004. According to the last census (2004), the population of Aqaba covered by the census on 2 October 2004 amounted to (80095), while the number of population was estimated at the end of 2004 at 86.6 thousand Based on the 2007 census, the number of population amounted to 98630. on 1 December 2007 of whom 2678 were Jordanian visitors to Aqaba. Thus the number of population of Aqaba city was 95952 with 97.5% coverage, that is to say that about 2460 persons the enumeration staff couldn’t collect data on. Therefore the number of population is estimated at 98400 on 1 December 2007. Accordingly and based on the 2004 census, the population growth rate of Aqaba city (without the Jordanian visitors) estimated at about 4.3% during 2004 – 2007, while it was 3.2% during 1994 – 2007 compared to 2.3% for the kingdom. In the light of above, the number of Aqaba population at the end of 2007 is estimated at 98750, increasing by 14% compared to 2004.
1.2 Definition of Census
Census is defined as the overall process of collecting, processing, tabulating, analyzing and publishing the demographic, economic and social data of the population and housing units in a specific country or part of it (in this case the Aqaba city) without dropping or repetition and assessing, classifying, analyzing and publishing the data at a specific period of time called the Census Reference Period.
1.3 Main Objectives of the Census
The comprehensive census is distinguished from the other statistical operations that provides:
1. Comprehensive and detailed statistical data on whole population and their demographic, social and economic characteristics by the least administrative or geographic division and related rates and indicators (Population Growth Rates, Age and Sex Structure, educational characteristics, Jordanian and non- Jordanian labor force) on block level.
2. Necessary data to assess the status of population in the Aqaba city during the period between the censuses, in addition to monitoring the demographic, social and economic changes occurred on the population during that period in its different sub-area.
3. High accurate data on size, distribution and characteristics of non-Jordanians in the Aqaba city especially non-Jordanian workers, in stead of depending on the estimates.
4. Data on the housing units supply, its amenities and characteristics related to living conditions as well as basic data required to setting Housing policy with clear features, aiming at achieving the welfare of the community members. In addition to providing indicators on the housing conditions and whether are connected with public services.
5. Comprehensive and updated frame for buildings, housing units and households of the Aqaba city at block level. This will positively affect the accuracy of different phenomena measurement being studied such as fertility, mortality and migration which are basically used for calculating the population growth rates and the population estimates for the period after the census.Data base for each household that could be connected with the available maps through Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These data could also be linked to the other available public services such as schools, health centers, streets, universities, Civil Defense Centers, police stations, …etc, It is also possible through this system to quickly identify the addresses of households and persons using the computer .
Locality: It is the place of abode in permanent or mobile housing units for individuals or groups. Locality may be a center for practicing one economic activity or more, localities differ with regard to size of population and have discrete names. The boundaries of each locality were clearly delineated and each locality may consist of one block or more in this case the Aqaba city is considered as locality.
Block: It is a group of buildings forming a locality or part of it, with clear man-made boundaries such as paved or unpaved streets, lanes, passages, electricity posts, telephone posts, railways,…etc, or natural boundaries as mountains, rivers, and valleys and are easily identified on ground.
Area: the Aqaba city was considered in 2004 and until the 2007 population census according to the nomenclature and numbering system adopted by municipalities as one service area and used to, have a distinct name and number. While, it was divided into 4 areas according to the divisions made by the Aqaba special economic zone Authority in the 2007 census.
Sub-area: (neighborhood) the Aqaba city was divided into 28 neighborhoods based on the nomenclature and numbering system. Each neighborhood was given distinct name and number like what was implemented in 2004 and until the 2007 population census. It was redivided into 4 areas and 74 neighborhoods according to these divisions adopted by the Authority and implemented in the 2007 census
Building: It is a permanent or temporary structure established on land or on water, made from any construction material, consisting of one floor or more with a ceiling, used either for human residence, practicing work, worship, recreation. It may have one entrance or more, which leads from a public or private road to all parts of the building or to some parts of it. Subsidiaries of the building such as the garage, water cycle, store, grocery,…etc, are considered as parts of the main building. Abandoned structures, sunshades at bus stops, bridges, electricity huts are not classified as buildings.
Type of building:
Housing Unit: It is a building or part of it with walls and ceiling, virtuous for residence of one or more household regardless of its occupancy at time of census. Housing unit may consist of one room or more with subsidiaries. A housing unit has an independent entrance leads directly (or through a road, passage or stairs) to a public road without passing through other housing units (abandoned buildings not virtuous for residence are not classified as housing units).
Collective Housing Unit: It is a housing unit designated for the residence of groups of individual with similar conditions, special cases or having common objectives such as prisons, hospitals, old-age houses, orphan-homes, students’ hostels, doctors and nurses hostels, workers’ camps, hotel and hotels suites.
Household: One person or more living in a separated housing unit or part of it. For the census purposes, there are two kinds of households, namely, the private household and the collective household.
Private Household: It is a household, consisting of one person or more, with a head, sharing with each other one separated housing unit or part of it, the members of household participate in expenditures from the income of head of household or from some household members. Some of household members may not be related to each other, although it is commonly known that there is a relationship between them. It is also commonly (but not necessarily) known that the members share meals or some of these meals with each other. The household comprises all those who were temporarily absent from the household outside Jordan for a period less than one year, who will after that return to join the household (with the exception of students, morbids, army-men and diplomats are considered as usual members regardless of the period of their absence).
Collective Household: Group of persons without a head of household sharing with each other one collective housing unit and don’t participate in residence arrangements such as: lodgers of hotels, prisons and hospitals, nurses residing in a special part of a building, students, orphans, old-aged person, and seasonal and non-seasonal workers residing together in collective housing units. Armed forces residing in camps or in other military institutions were excluded from this definition.
Collective household also includes every group of persons (6 persons or more) residing in a conventional housing unit (Apartment, dar, villa, … etc), with no relative ties and each one of them depends on himself for living even, if he participates with the others in some meals, such as: the workers residing in work camps or those residing in an apartment or dar … etc.
Room: A housing unit or part of it surrounded by walls with a ceiling. Room may be used for sleeping, sitting, eating or studying. Kitchen, bathroom, passage, internal and external balconies and rooms designated for work as clinic or tailoring services rendered for the others are not considered as rooms. Sleeping rooms are the rooms designated or actually used for sleeping.
Type of Housing Unit:
Type of Occupancy:
1. Occupied by private household.
2. Occupied by collective household.
4. Public Housing Unit: It is a housing unit that has a special living arrangement such as: hospitals, prisons, students and nurses hostels, …etc.
5. Vacant: A housing unit that was not occupied at the time of census. Either it is offered for rent (furnished or unfurnished), or the dwellers are outside of Jordan and will return back to use it during their leaves and holidays or it is recently completed or for any other reason.
6. Closed: A housing unit that was occupied at the time of census, but the dwellers were not available at the time of visit (time of enumeration), may be they were visiting an other household or going in a tourism inside or outside Jordan for a short period of time.
7. Under Construction: A housing unit which needs completion and was not virtuous for residence at the time of census.
8. Others (not specified else where).
Area of Housing Unit: The area on which the housing unit is built measured by square meters, excluding the land surrounding the housing unit.
Year of Laying Fundaments:
The year of laying fundaments of the main building.
1. Population inside Jordan regardless of their nationality.
2. Jordanians abroad for less than one year with exception of the cases mentioned in the definition of household.
It is the reference period of the data collected, it may be a moment, a day, a week, a month, a year or more, and it differs according to type and nature of data.
It is the Friday (30 Nov. 2007), on which all data collected on buildings and housing units, the household tenure of appliances and the services.
It is the night of 30/ Nov. 1 Dec. 2007 (Friday/ Saturday), on which the data of enumeration place was based, where all data on each person spent that night in this place were registered and collected.
It is the mid-night of Reference Eve (mid-night of 30 Nov. 1 Dec. 2007). This moment determined whether the person should be covered by the enumeration or not. The persons covered by census were only those being alive in that moment (born before died after it) and didn’t cover those born after it.
It is the week ended in 30 November 2007 (the period between 24-30/11/2007), on which the economic data related to economic activity status particularly those employed persons, were based.
Head of Household:
He is a usual household member living in Aqaba, who is recognized as such by other members of the household. He is usually responsible for living arrangements and decision- taking of the household. He may be male of female aged 15 years and above, regardless he/she of being the eldest or earning the highest income or has a relationship with some or all members of the household.
Duration of time, calculated or estimated between date of birth and the census reference moment ( the night of 1/12/2007). Age must be in complete solar years regardless of fractions of the year.
The legal citizenship or affiliation of the person to a certain country which is usually determined by the passport he holds or he has the right to have it, if the person has more than one nationality, the preferred nationality will be recorded. For Jordanians only, the nationality is “Jordan” if the person has a national number or if he has the right to have it.
It is a distinct number for Jordanian population only at the national level and it is printed on the civil status documents such as: family booklet, birth certificate and the identify card.
Reason for Residence Abroad (for Jordanians) and Reason for Residence in Aqaba (for non-Jordanians) visitors:
It is the main reason for residence outside Jordan for Jordanians at the Reference Moment for a duration less than one year for work or accompaniment purposes except for studying, treatment or tourism, where they were enumerated regardless of the duration of absence. Which may be one of the following reasons:
As for the non-Jordanians visit as far Jordanians is meant the main reason for coming to Aqaba.
It is the place (Aqaba city ) where the person spent the Reference Eve in, or with the household in which he was considered as a member by virtue of the definition, if he was absent that night.
Mother’s Place of Residence at Birth of Person:
The locality or the state where the person’s mother was usually living at birth of the person regardless of place of delivery, whether at home, hospital or at her parent’s or husbands parent’s house in the same locality in which she was available at the moment of enumeration or any other locality. It may be the usual place in which this household was available during the enumeration. This applies to the definition whether the mother is still alive or dead or she is living with the household or not.
Place of Current Usual Residence:
2. If the duration of
residence of the person abroad was (6) months or more, his place of
residence would be that place where he stayed in continuously or
semi– continuously for (6) months or more. It is most likely for
that place to be the country in which he is currently residing.
Previous Place of Usual Residence:
The educational status of a person aged (15) years and more at time of enumeration (Either male or female). A person may be:
1. Without qualification:
2. With qualification: highest successfully completed educational stage obtained at the time of enumeration and it may be one of the following:
This refers to the field of study in which the person has successfully obtained his highest educational qualification.
This is the civil status of a person aged (15) years and above at the Reference Eve (1/12/2007). It may be one of the following cases:
- Never Married (Single): A person aged (15) years and more who has never been married according to the prevailing social customs at the time of enumeration.
- Married: A person aged (15) years and more engaged in actual marriage according to the customs, regardless of the presence of spouse at the time of enumeration. Persons married by bond without actual marriage are not considered as married persons.
- Divorced: A person aged (15) years and more whose actual marriage was legally dissolved by divorce and not remarried at the time of enumeration.
- Widowed: A person aged (15) years and more whose last marriage was dissolved because of the death of spouse and not remarried at the time of enumeration.
- Separated: A person aged (15) years and more who has been actually ever married but living away from the spouse (due to dispute) without occurrence of divorce or death. No common living arrangements or responsibilities are currently existing between them.
Economic Activity Status:
This refers to the relationship of any household member aged (15) years and more, with an economic activity during the week ended in 30/11/2007 (i.e. the period from 24-30/11/2007). This status may be one of the following:
· Employed: Any person aged (15) years and more who works for the government sector or the private sector, provided that he works at least one hour during the week ended in 30/11/2007. This category includes the following cases:
a- Paid Employee: Any person aged (15) years and more who works for the government sector or the private sector and receives monthly salary, or weekly or daily wages, and the like, provided that he should have worked at least one hour during the week ended in 30/11/2007. This category includes those joining a job or a job attachment even if they did not practice the job during the reference period due to temporary illness, or leave, or bad weather, …, etc.
b- Employed in an Entirely Owned Business: Any person aged (15) years and more who during the week ended in 30/11/2007, worked in a business entirely owned by him/her. He might be a trades person with no business place, such as: painter, white washer, builder,…etc.
c- Employed in a Partially Owned Business: Any person aged (15) years and more who during the week ended in 30/11/2007 worked in a business partially owned by him/ her (i.e. he/she has a partners), such as a grocery or a carpenter shop ..etc.
d- Unpaid Family-Owned Business Worker: Any person aged (15) years and more who during the week ended in 30/11/2007, worked without cash or in-kind payment in a business owned by the family or any of its members.
e- Other Workers: Any person aged (15) years and more who worked during the week ended in 30/110/2007, in any work not elsewhere classified.
· Unemployed: Any person aged (15) years and more, who is without work or job, able to work, available for work and is looking for work.
The person is considered “Unemployed” if he meets the following criteria:
a- Does not practice any work (i.e. is without work or job): In other words, he has not worked for one hour or more during the week ended in 1/10/2004 and was not temporarily absent from work;
b- Is available for work: that is, he is ready or prepared to receive work immediately whether during the week ended in 30/11/2007, or within 15 days following the date of that week;
c- Is searching for work, i.e. he has taken specific steps and spent some of the time or all the time in search for work in a period close to the four weeks prior to the time of enumeration. These steps may include: registration and applying directly to the employers; searching for work at certain workers’ gatherings or assembly places; placing or answering advertisements in newspapers; seeking assistance of friends or relatives, … etc; and
d- The person who is currently available for work, but did not search for work during the four weeks prior to the time of enumeration because he is waiting to return to his pervious job or has found a job which he will join later on.
· Student: Any person aged (15) years and more, who is neither employed nor unemployed (i.e. not economically active), and who attends a school regularly or irregularly for the purpose of obtaining an educational qualification.
· House maker: Any person aged (15) years and more who is not economically active and not attending school regularly, who is engaged in household duties or supervises those who perform such duties. Paid housemaids, baby setters, and the like are not included in this category.
· With Means (income recipient): Any person aged (15) years and more, not economically active, not attending school and not engaged in household duties, but receives income from shares, royalties, pensions, or from any public or private aids or subsidies.
· Disabled: Any person aged (15) years and more, not economically active, not looking for work, not attending school, not engaged in household duties, not income recipient and unable to work due to old age, physical or mental handicap, or chronic disease.
· Others: Any person not elsewhere classified.
Actual Hours of Work during the seven days prior to the time of enumeration:
This concept refers to the number of actually worked hours by a worker during the seven days prior to the time of enumeration. This number is the sum of the following:
a. Hours actually worked during the normal periods of work;
b. Overtime hours;
c. The time that the worker spends at the work place in preparing, maintaining, and cleaning of work tools and equipment, or in preparing receipts, time sheets, and reports,…,etc;
d. The time that the worker spends at the work place waiting or standing by for the provision of work materials, or the repair of mechanical or electrical damages or break downs,…etc; and
e. The short breaks or rest periods that the worker spends at the work place to have tea, coffee, or soft drinks.
Actual work hours do not include the following:
a. Hours paid for but not worked such as: paid annual vacations, paid official or public holidays, and paid sick leaves;
b. Time designated for meal breaks, which normally does not exceed three hours; and
c. Time spent on travel from home to work place, and vise versa.
Name of Establishment Where the Person Works:
This refers to the name of a ministry, department, company, store,…etc, in which the person is working during the week ended in 30/11/2007.
Main Current Industry:
This concept refers to the type of the major economic activity of the establishment in which the person is working. For those not engaged in establishments, their economic activity was identified and recorded according to the specifications of their major occupations such as: wholesale trade, retail trade, land transport, air transport, marine transport, general administration, education, health, animals raising, agriculture, …etc.
It refers to the kind of work practiced by the employed person during the seven days prior to the time of enumeration. For example, gynecologist, general practitioner, dentist, garbage collector, basic education teacher … etc.
Current Employment Status:
It denotes to the position of the employed person while practicing his work during the week ended in 30/11/2007 It may be one of the following:
· Paid Employee: Any person working for another person or establishment and receives any kind of payments (cash or in-kind) whether it was monthly, weekly, daily, commission, piece-rate, …etc.
· Employer: Any person working in an establishment owned entirely or partially by him/her or practices a job or trade and hires one or more paid employees (cash or in-kind).
· Own-Account Worker: Any person working in an establishment owned entirely or partially by him/her, or practices a job or trade and hires no paid employees (cash or in-kind).
· Unpaid Family Worker: Any person working for his family or one of its members, provided that he/she does not receive any kind of payment, even if he/she receives some sort of remuneration,
· Unpaid Worker: Any person working for a person(s) other than a family member or establishment, and does not receive any kind of payments, even if he received some sort of remuneration, such as apprentices or trainees.
3. Administrative Divisions:
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is administratively divided into (12) Governorates, one of which is the Aqaba Governorate and consists of two districts and four sub-district Figure Number I shows the map of the Kingdom by Governorate and Figure Number 2 shows the map of Aqaba Governorate. Table number 1 shows the administrative divisions of the Aqaba governorate.
Figure 1 map of the Kingdom by Governorate
Figure 2 map of Aqaba Governorate by District & Sub District
Table 1 Administrative Divisions of Aqaba Governorate as it of 2007
4. Statistical Divisions & method of Delineation and Numbering
4.1 Statistical Divisions
The census administration has adopted in its statistical divisions the naming and numbering system used by the cities and municipalities. Based on this system, the Aqaba city was divided in 2004 into one area and 28 neighborhoods. This was also linked to the new statistical divisions of the city which were approved by the Authority in 2007. Based on this system, the city was divided into 4 areas and 74 neighborhoods. Each neighborhoods is divided into blocks, and each neighborhood consists of one block or more.
In delineation process, the administrative borders of the Aqaba city were assigned as well as the borders of the internal divisions (borders of areas, neighborhoods and blocks). In addition to writing detailed description for each to help the enumerator reach the required place during the enumeration process of population & housing units.
This operation aimed at determining the place of the buildings, the housing units and the households to facilitate the enumeration process without repetition or deletion. It aims also at identifying the number of buildings, the housing units and the households in each block by locality, neighborhood and other administrative units and uses of the buildings in the area covered by the enumeration. Building may be designated for residence only, establishment,…, etc. Therefore, the enumeration process is necessary to determine the type of occupancy which is very important in the following statistical operations.
The census implementation requires many procedures
and operations that are necessary to ensure work progress and field
control, whether during the preparation for the enumeration or
during the enumeration itself. This process requires the
availability of field logistic for field teams and high readiness
on the due time. Among the priorities of field organization is that
the field team work. Must be done according to standard
specifications and information in all areas. This operation requires
accurate supervision which ensures that utmost care is given for
organizing supervision operations, in addition to providing
effective communication among the census staff. The technical stuff
of the census must verify the standardization procedures and
specifications implemented by field teams and the connection with
the teams and areas. All field teams were regularly visited during
the field work and the completed questionnaires were edited by the
inspectors and controllers.
6. Population Covered in the 2007 Census
The De facto method was implemented in counting the population (enumeration of the population in the Aqaba city was based on the availability of person at the reference moment). In addition the enumeration also included the Jordanians abroad who spent less than one year there. Accordingly, the categories covered by the census are as follows:
6.1 Population inside Aqaba city:
This category includes the following groups:
a- Population residing in conventional housing units forming what is known as “Private Households”. A person considered as a member of the private household:
1. All household usual members who were present in the household housing unit at the reference eve (at the night of 30 Nov.-1 Dec/ 2007).
2. Household visitors who spent the reference eve in the household housing unit and don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city to be counted in.
3. Maids, drivers, cockers and other workers employed by the household and residing with at reference eve, and don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city to be counted in.
4. Household usual members who were not present in the housing unit at the reference eve provided that they were present in any of the following places not accessible to enumerators :-
· Night shift workers, such as those working at factories, hospitals, airports…etc.
· Persons who spent the reference eve traveling over the roads inside Jordan.
· Persons who spent the reference eve in Mosques.
· Fishermen who spent the reference eve on the ships and boats in the territorial waters of Jordan or across the sea.
· Patients and their accompanists, who spent the reference eve at hospitals, and also those detainees at police stations.
· Members of armed forces, public security, civil defense and the like who spent the reference eve on duty or at camps.
· Jordanian household members residing temporarily outside Jordan for business, tourism, medical treatment, study or the like.
b- Population residing in collective housing units (public housing unit) and conventional housing units forming what is known as “Collective Households”.
This category includes:
1. Each group of (6) individuals or more non-relatives, residing in one conventional housing unit (forming collective households in conventional housing units).
2. Hotel and rest houses lodgers provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city, in which they could be counted.
3. Persons who spent the reference eve in jails, rehabilitation and juvenile centers (detainees at security centers are not included).
4. Students’ and workers’ hostels provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city, in which they could be counted.
5. Teachers’ hostels provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city, in which they could be counted.
6. Nurses’ hostels provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city in which they could be counted.
7. Lodgers of old-aged and disabled houses.
8. Lodgers of orphan homes and collective shelters.
9. Lodgers of Psychic and mental asylums.
10. Public and private hospital admittances (except for patients in emergency section) who don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city, in which they could be counted.
11. Six persons or more living in chapels, churches and worship houses (provided that the item number one above applies to them).
c- Individuals who were present on the Aqaba city territories during the enumeration (30 Nov.-1Dec. 2007) for transit purposes at airports, seaport or over roads, provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city.
This Category Includes:
All persons happened to be available on the Aqaba city territories and spent the reference eve there (available before 12:00 PM of the mid-night of enumeration (30 Nov.-1Dec. 2007)) for the purpose of transit to other countries, whether the means of transportation are land such as buses, and passenger cars or air such as; airplanes or marine such as ships, yachts and boats. They could be existing at borders ports between Aqaba and the neighboring countries such as; the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Israel or at airports such as; the king Hussein International Airport or at ports such the port of Aqaba or at parking-lots.
a- Individuals on ships, yachts and boats in the territorial waters of the Aqaba city for the purposes of unloading of ships, tourism (recreation) and fishing, provided that they don’t have housing units inside Aqaba city, and who spent the reference eve there.
b- Individuals (especially non-Jordanian workers) residing in their work sites which are not classified as housing units in the conventional meaning, but used both for residence and work simultaneously, provided that their number doesn’t exceed (5) individuals since they are considered as a private household in this case, and if the number exceeds (5) individuals then, they are considered as a collective household provided that they don’t have housing units inside Jordan.
For the census purposes, ships, plains, trains, automobiles, …etc were considered as housing units if they were occupied by one individual or more according to the number of persons criterion (private housing units if the number of persons is less than (6), otherwise they are considered as collective housing units).
6.2 Jordanians Abroad:
This category includes the usual household members temporarily staying outside Jordan in the enumeration eve for the purpose of: work, education, treatment, diplomatic representation and the like, provided that the housing unit is the place at where they usually stay when they return to Aqaba city and that the household is the family with whom they usually stay when they return to Aqaba city. Duration of their stay outside Jordan should be less than one year except students, morbids and members of the armed forces serving with the international peace keeping forces.
6.3 Special Cases:
The following were taken into consideration:
1. The census should include any still living birth occurred before mid-night of the enumeration eve.
2. The census should not include any birth occurred after mid-night of the enumeration eve.
3. the census should include any person still alive until the enumeration moment, which is the mid-night of the 2nd October 2004.
4. The census should not include any individual died before the mid-night of 30 Nov.-1 Dec/ 2007
5. The census should not include any person existing outside Aqaba city but inside Jordan for more than one year or out side Aqaba for less than one year, even if the duration is less than 6 months but intending to stay outside Aqaba. The enumeration also excluded all Jordanians outside the Aqaba city and spent in their current residence 6 months or more (assuming that the current residence is other than the Aqaba city).
7. Basic Census Documents
7.1 The Census Questionnaires
There are three types of registers used by the interviewers for collecting information on households and individuals. Each register includes a number of questionnaires. The Questions included therein generally cope with the international recommendations on population censuses. The following were used in the census:
a- Private Household Register:
This register was designated for collecting information on private and collective households residing in conventional housing units. This register include enough number of the questionnaires to hold the total number expected to be available in block or part of it. In case the register is insufficient to hold the total number of household in block, an additional register was used in which the identification data were recorded. Information were collected with regards to general, demographic, social, geographic, migration, economical and educational population characteristics, in addition to information on special needs, availability of appliances and services ( Questionnaire 1).
b- Collective Household Register:
This register was designated for collecting information on the collective households residing in collective housing units such as: workers, nurses, teachers and students' housing units. This register includes a number of questionnaires enough to hold all the names of the collective household members. In case the register is insufficient to hold that, an additional register was used in which the whole identification data were recorded. The questionnaires of this register are same as the private household register questionnaires, except for population category (2) (i.e. Jordanians abroad) and appliances section ( Questionnaire 2).
c- Hotel Lodgers Register:
This register was designated for collecting information on hotel lodgers. It includes a number of questionnaires enough to hold all lodgers in one hotel. In case the register questionnaires were insufficient to hold all hotel lodgers, an additional register was used, which is indivisible from the main register and includes the same identification data. Although hotel lodgers were considered as collective households, a separate questionnaire was designed for this purpose because the information required are less than those included in any of the previous two questionnaires. The information are only on general and demographic population characteristics( Questionnaire 3).
d- Buildings and Housing Units Register:
This register was designated for collecting information on the buildings and the housing units. It includes data on buildings such as: type of building, year of laying fundaments, Information on the housing units are: type of housing unit, type of occupancy, type of tenure, housing unit area, and number of rooms( Questionnaire 4) .
e- Reminder Questionnaire:
This questionnaire includes some basic questions such as: name of individual, relationship to head of household, educational attainment and occupation, in addition to a brief description on how to fill it in?, date of filling in and the person who is qualified to fill it in?. This questionnaire was distributed to all households in Aqaba city during the buildings and housing units enumeration stage. The main objective of this questionnaire is to remind the households about the “Enumeration Eve” and the necessity of filling in this questionnaire at the night of (30 Nov.-1 Dec/ 2007), whereas, this questionnaire must include only those persons who spent the enumeration eve with the household in order to avoid forgetting any person. The household was required to keep it and present it to the enumerator during the enumeration stage. This reminder questionnaire contributed to saving both time and efforts of the interviewer.
7.2 Register of Frame Enumeration:
This register includes information on all buildings, housing units and households in one block, in addition to information on economic establishments. These information in addition to sketches were used as a base to enumerate the buildings and housing units and later for population enumeration.
7.3 Instructions' Manual of Population & Housing Units:
This manual comprises detailed explanation for each question in the buildings and housing units questionnaire in the population questionnaires (private households, collective households and hotel lodgers) and how to fill in these questionnaires and how to edit data included therein in terms of coverage, as well as instructions for the field workers on how to complete the questionnaire and how to edit each item with regards to coverage and content. It includes also guidelines to the field teams on how to deal with the required works and method of execution.
This manual includes the method of enumerating those special categories such as, the population residing in collective housing units, hotels, hotel apartments, mobile population (bedouins) and those population existing at the night of enumeration at borders’ points (arrivals & departures), which include airport and seaports international borders and on the anchoring ship at Aqaba port.
7.4 Coding Manuals:
These manuals comprise detailed instructions on how to code different items in the questionnaire, in addition to pre-coded data. These manuals were prepared based on the UN manuals and its organizations tacking into account the Jordanian needs: (previously used in the 2004 census)
1. Educational Level and Scientific Specialization Manual.
2. Nationality Manual.
3. Occupation Manual.
4. Industry (Economic Activity) Manual.
5. Geographic Divisions Manual.
6. Place of Residence and Birth Manual.
7.5 General Plan of Census:
This manual comprises the population and housing census implementation plan in all different stages, activities to be implemented in each stage and required tasks, in addition to linking those tasks with dates in the census implementation time table. This manual also includes the enumeration strategy, manpower, required training and publicity and media, population covered in census, editing method officer and computer preparation, census outcomes and the most important documents of the census, in addition to the information suggested to be included in the questionnaires.
Several brief instructions were prepared for performing the following tasks:-
1. Office Processing.
2. Computer Processing.
3. Publicity Campaign.
4. Data dissemination.
Several forms were also used here such as:
Organizational sheets for field teams in both stages (Building and Housing Units enumeration stage and Population enumeration stage).
8. Stages of the Census
Census is implemented through sequence and interrelated basic stages, out-comes of each stage serve post-stages. Sometimes, plans used to be changed or amended wherever necessary. The following are the most important activities completed in each stage:
8.1 Preparation Stage
The Department of Statistics has started the preparation for the census, since year 2007 through its specialized staff. This stage is considered as the most important one. A technical Committee was formed which consisted of specialized employees from the Authority and the DoS to prepare for the implementation of the census requirements. These are the most important activities in this stage:
8.1.1 Office Preparatory Works
a- The Census legal basis: Based on the Statistics Law No. 24 for 1950 and its amendments and the Provisional Statistics Law No. 8 for 2003, which both explicitly stipulate that the Department of Statistics (DoS) must carry out population Census for Kingdom or part of it. Based on the memorandum of understanding signed between the Authority and the DoS in 2006 by virtue of which the DoS implemented the Population & Housing Units census in Aqaba city. That was at the request of the Authority. The Authority in cooperation with the DoS provided the census requirements, whether those related to logistics or human resources. A Higher Steering Committee was formed, headed by H.E. the chief commissioners of the Authority to follow up on the census affairs.
b- Census time table: The time table was designed to include all major dates of the census stages.
c- Census detailed budget
d- Organizational chart: The Organizational chart of the census administration designed to include different technical and administrative levels. Committees for support services were formed and the responsibilities and tasks of each one were identified.
e- Mapping preparation: The required maps at the level of the Aqaba city, and the lowest statistical divisions up to, area, sub area and block were prepared and made easy for linking these maps to the national date base at the computer.
f- Geographic preparation: It includes blocks delineation and numbering of buildings, housing units and households as well as identifying its location on the map. Geographic codes for localities, streets, buildings, housing units, households and individuals were also designated based on 2004 census, the new divisions adopted by the Authority also were taken into consideration.
g- Preparation and designing of tables: An integrated programming plan was drawn for all operations related to data processing including the detailed required tables.
h- Contents of the census questionnaire: The census questionnaire designed and its contents were identified, according to the international recommendations. Topics of high priority, other interesting topics, possibility of making international comparisons and comparability of topics with those included in the previous census were taken into consideration.
i- Census Documents Preparation
These documents include the census questionnaires, work progress monitoring forms, instruction manuals, definitions and other manuals in addition to the forms used for extracting preliminary results and work flow records.
j- Forming the concerned committees:
1. Higher Steering Committee. This committee was formed from a number of the concerned specialists based on the decision of His H.E the Chief Commissioners of the Authority. This action was intended to give the census process the proper attention and to delegate the committee with any decision to be taken related to the census. The committee consisted of the following members:
· H.E. the chief commissioners of the Authority/ Head
· H.E. the Aqaba governor
· Excellencies, the commissioners
· H.E. the Director General of the Department of Statistics
· H.E. Acting security Director of the Aqaba
The duties of the Committee were as follows:
· Approving methodology of the census general plan.
· Approving the time table of the census stages implementation, as well as the required human resources and logistics.
· Approving the Census reference period and taking the necessary decisions regarding giving the instructions to comply with in coordination with the census administration.
· Approving the final questionnaires, the enumeration strategy, the enumeration method and the population covered in censuses.
2. Other committees, which include:
a. Technical Committee: The Committee headed by the Census Executive Director and included technical persons from the concerned institutions.
b. Preparatory Committee. This committee included the employees of the Household Survey Directorate at the DoS in particular, who prepared the census implementation requirements.
c. The technical team: This team was headed by the Census Executive Director, which included a number of specialized employees at the DoS in different fields; such as the finance, media, field, office and technical aspects. .
d. Other works: Included testing of census such as, data quality control, and data improvement, continues review of all works preceded the census enumeration process to make the census a success. These other works included also training of manpower, availability of the required transportation mean's as well as the offices.
8.1.2 Enumeration Strategy
Based on the assessment of the previous censuses 1979, 1994 and 2004 carried out by the Department of Statistics, the Department of Statistics and Aqaba Private Economic Zone Authority decided to conduct the census for obtaining broad database on buildings, housing units, households, individuals. Special questionnaires were designed for this purpose. The Department adopted an enumeration strategy as follows:
a- Implementing buildings and housing units census during the period 24 -30 November 2007.
b- Implementing population census during the period 1st –7th December 2007, which was later merged with buildings and housing units.
8.1.3 Training of Manpower
Training of the census staff
a. The first training program was held in Amman city, where the technical team of the census trained all the census staff in buildings & housing units census which implemented during the period 24-30 November 2007, and continued for one week.
Training program contained office lectures, field training. These lectures covered objectives of the census, method of data collection, data confidentiality, methods of dealing with households and census questionnaires, their components, definitions and classifications. This program also included tasks and responsibilities of all participants, as well as lectures related to geographical preparation of the census, field signs used to indicate statistical divisions, using of maps, sketches and enumeration lists.
b. Training program for enumerators participated in the Population Census during the period 26-30 November 2007 in Amman City. This program was executed by trainers selected from the first level. The Census Executive Director and his assistants participated mainly in the training, Due to the importance of the event, a training program was conducted again on 30 November 2007 for four hours in the Aqaba city for all the field staff on how to complete the questionnaires and to check for accuracy based on the Building & Housing Units Census carried out on 30 November 2007.
c. Participated manpower was trained on office processing of data during the period 13-16 December 2007. Trainees attended lectures on editing and coding and their rules. Specialists from the IT trained the data entry Keyes, the editors and the office processing staff on how to verify data to make it free of errors.
8.1.4 The Census Central Operations' Room
This room was early equipped in the Prince Rashid Club in the Aqaba city affiliated to Ports Corporation with the necessary maps, telephone lines and facsimile machine for facilitating communication between the staff in this room and all the staff in the field. The operations room was equipped with computer used for the extraction of the census during the field work.
All technical staff required for running the operations room were provided from the specialized staff of the census for answering any inquires or technical questions, and for receiving information concerning daily accomplishment of data collection. Work in the operations’ room continued for (15) hours during the enumeration stage.
The staff in the central operations room answered any inquiries from citizens and explained the census objectives, in addition to providing the staff field with the related information on the coverage of their subject areas.
A training room at the city service center affiliated to the Authority was also. Used. It is equipped with about 12 PCS for extracting the census preliminary results using special programs previously prepared for this purpose.
8.1.5 Publicity and Media
The publicity campaign was made. A focus was made on the informative messages through the different mass media (broadcasting, press… etc.).
Jordan News Agency (Petra) also contributed to the census operations through the news coverage of its activities, interviews and press reports. The daily and weekly newspapers published the census news provided by Petra, such as Al- Rai Al-Dust our, Al- Arab Al -Yom.
During the buildings and housing units census, an informative message was circulated to all citizens of Aqaba to urge them to cooperate with the DOS staff during the field operations, the reminder questionnaire contributed significantly to a warning the census important. Several posters were distributed and posted on different institutions.
8.2 Enumerations Stage
In this stage, all households in Aqaba city have been visited and interviewed during a short period to collect data related to each member and each housing unit without deletion or repetition. Handing back all the census documents to the center was properly made. The Department of Statistics has been very keen on organizing the field operations in a most efficient way to ensure good control over these operations for achieving the most accurate results. The enumeration reference moment (30 December/ 1 November 2007) was determined, provided that the field work must be completed during the period identified for data collection (1st to 7th December 2007). Therefore, this phase has also required the availability of offices, enumerators, training of enumerators, tasks of each enumerator, transportation. equipments, manuals, questionnaires, maps, reports, writing materials, materials used for numbering and posters, telecommunications and listing of households, housing units and buildings.
8.2.1 Management of Field Work:
Field work was organized as follows:
1. Census Administration: Includes the Director General of Statistics, the Executive director of census and his assistant, in addition to the staff in the main operations' room.
2. Supervisors: Each was considered as a technical, administrative, and field person responsible for the enumeration’s works in the city and must be familiar with his work area, subarea and blocks in the city and must work on full time basis.
3. Controllers: Each was considered as the direct responsible person for implementing operations of enumeration in an area of specific number of blocks which is a part of the supervise area. He supervised a group of 5-8 enumerators and must be familiar with his work area. It is worth mentioning that the controllers worked as enumerators during the Buildings and Housing Units stage, the number of controllers was 22.
4. Enumerators: The enumerator was considered as the direct responsible person for collecting data on all units, households and individuals in his enumeration area, which is usually, a block with about 70-80 households. The number of enumerators was 132.
5. Others: Include motorpool supervisor and 44 drivers, in addition to 8 other workers who provided administrative services. Some supervisors, were allowed to use their cars during the enumeration stage.
The staff also included specialists from GIS, Public relations and IT, their total number was 10, and the total number of all staff was 219.
8.2.2 Coverage and Contents of Enumeration
The enumeration covered the geographical area of Aqaba city. Each individual who spent the night of 30/11-1/12 2007 within these borders was enumerated, including those persons on the board of ships at the Aqaba Port or those transited via the King Hussein Airport or land ports. Jordanian usual members of the household, who were abroad on that night, were also counted according to certain criteria, in addition to the visitors to Aqaba city on that night for shopping, tourism and those persons working for the governmental institutions were also counted.
2. Enumeration of Buildings and Housing Units
This operation was implemented through the “Buildings and Housing Census”, which was carried out during the period 24-30 November 2007. It was benefited from the buildings and Housing Census in the population enumeration stage, where these registers were later used as a base for the population enumeration stage. Through this census, data on the basic characteristics of buildings and housing units was collected.
3. Enumeration of Households and Population
This process was implemented through the “Population Census”, which was conducted during the period 1-7 December 2007. However, the night of November 30/1 December was designated as the “Enumeration Eve” or the census reference point.
The Household, within a housing unit, was used as the enumeration unit. They were counted based on the De Facto basis (i.e. information about individuals were collected according to their actual place of residence on the enumeration eve). To identify the distribution of population according to the usual place of residence, a special question on “The current Usual Place of Residence” was added to the population questionnaire. Separate population registers were allocated for each block within the locality.
Although the two censuses were carried out separately in terms of time, data on the buildings and housing units registers were updated through population counting, later on, they were merged together, by linking each household and its members to its housing unit, thus creating a combined and comprehensive data file. As it was a one comprehensive census .This process helped the DOS make the required cross tabulations, by linking the housing unit's characteristic to the residents therein.
4. Enumeration of Special Groups
Special procedures were taken, for the enumeration of certain categories of the population, as follows:
A. Collective Households
Persons residing in hotels, prisons, hospitals, boarding schools and colleges, labour camps, and the like, were enumerated as such in the early morning of the census day (starting at one o'clock of the 1 December 2007).
B. Armed Forces
The families of the armed forces, residing in camps, were enumerated. Armed forces individuals, residing outside camps, Public Security Forces and other security individuals were enumerated within their households as if they spent the enumeration eve with their families.
The tent-dwellers, (whether living in tents, or residing in tents scattered anywhere within the Aqaba city) were enumerated as such at the time of the population enumeration. Their tents or hair tents were treated and numbered as buildings and housing units. Information on such units as well as on individuals, were collected in the same visit.
D. Jordanians Abroad
The lower part of the Private Households Questionnaire was designated for Jordanians who were abroad during the enumeration eve. The enumeration included only those who were abroad according to the following criteria:
1. The “Jordanian” must be a usual member of a household residing in Jordan and was enumerated therein. .
2. The period of his residence abroad must not exceed six months for work purposes, except those who were abroad for study, medical treatment, or tourism, they were enumerated regardless of the length of their stay abroad. Consequently, the tabulated or published data in this regard, must be Cautiously used.
E. Jordanians outside Aqaba city
The Jordanians residing outside Aqaba city but inside Jordan for short period of work, tourism or finish some works were enumerated within their households, for those who left Aqaba for settling outside city in other areas of the Kingdom were excluded from the census.
8.3 Office Data Processing
Following is a brief description of various stages of office data processing:
A- Storing of the Census Registers
In order to facilitate using and retrieving the registers, all the census registers were properly stored and arranged by major identification information (i.e. area, sub-area and block). This process was done within two days from the field work completion. Registers were brought back from the field during the two days right after the completion of field work. Special register for all processing stages was designated at area, subarea and block level. This register could be used for monitoring work progress in all stages and for following up on the completion of work at block level, the number of those persons worked in this stage was 3.
B- Field Editing
It consisted of preliminary checking the completeness and consistency of data in the questionnaires and making the required summaries for extracting the preliminary results of census. These operations were initially carried out by the field controllers and enumerators, this work was done in Aqaba city and rechecking of data in Amman.
C- Office Editing
Several groups of office editors were selected from the field enumerators. Each group consisted of one supervisor and (5-7) editors. A refreshing training course in editing and rechecking of edit rules was provided to all staff before starting this operation. To ensure quality of edited data and to minimize errors during the computer editing stage, verification of data was made again by well experienced editors, The Total number of those persons was 35.
This operation included the following stages:
1. General Coding
Special groups were assigned to perform coding of identification data in the registers of both buildings and housing units. This process was done to ensure correct matching of population and housing data. These groups also coded the digits pertaining to place of residence. The total number of those persons worked in this stage was (10) coders.
2. Special Coding
This stage includes coding of educational qualification, occupation and industry. The most experienced staff in this field were selected and seconded to different groups to carry out this job, and their number was 4 persons.
E. Final Revision
The best manual processors were selected and grouped separately to carry out a final revision for all the above mentioned editing and coding operations. This was done in order to minimize errors in the data before delivery to the computer for processing, and their total number was 10 persons.
8.4 Computer Processing of the Data
A. Preparation of Programs and Data Entry
This operation includes: preparation of analysis and design programs related to data entry and editing of data entry, data cleaning and merging data of buildings and housing units census. with data of population census in order to extract the required tables. There was a co-ordination between the administration of the census and the technical team from the Directorate of Information Technology to facilitate flow of data to the computer in accordance with specific method, the number of those persons involved in preparing programs related to data entry, editing and extracting the results is 4.
Data Entry of the completed questionnaires was done by area (neighborhood) and block, and then returned to the census administration. During data entry process, on line verification was made through the programs of data entry with regards to consistency and range. This method helped detecting and correcting errors by the experienced female supervisors from the administration of census. Editing of data entry process was continuously done through some methods which are as follows : re-entry of sample of questionnaires again, or printing a sample of questionnaires of households to compare them with those included in registers, or returning back to certain cases found illogical and inconsistent through the frequencies of certain variables required by the census administration. This process is needed for evaluating data accuracy and quality in terms of coverage, range and consistency, The number of persons involved in this work was 30.
B. Data Tabulation
The tabulation plan was designed as well as. The required computer programs. Tables were extracted using latest software packages “ORACLE”, after all computer processes have been completed. Tables were checked to make sure that they are free of errors in terms of both shape and content, one analyst and two programmers worked in this stage. A specialized team from the office preparation reviewed. The data through Frequency to ensure the completeness and consistency.
8.5 Data Dissemination Stage
the Department of Statistics has published the results of the census as follows:
8.5.1 Preliminary Publications of Census
The preliminary results report was prepared in less than one week from the completion of field work. These results included number of blocks, number of buildings, number of housing units occupied by private and collective households, number of unoccupied housing units, number of private and collective households and population by sex for each block. These results were processed according to the previous statistical divisions implemented in 2004 Census and according to the new divisions adopted by the Authority in 2007. liking between the two systems could be made.
8.5.2 Summary of Main Results
This report was prepared to include main indicators of the census results, related to the socio-economic characteristics as well as the buildings, housing units and households. It also includes household ownership of appliances and services and detailed tables of these indicators. In addition to a number of annexes which include the distribution of buildings, housing units, households and individuals at areas and new and old sub-areas of the Aqaba city.
8.5.3 Final Results
It was decided that the census data is to be disseminated and published on three volumes: the first volume includes characteristics of buildings, housing units and households, includes data on the size, distribution and social-demographic characteristics of population, the second volume includes the economic characteristics of population and the third volume includes characteristics of Jordanians abroad, characteristics of non-Jordanians. Following is a brief description of these tables:
· Characteristics of Buildings:
These characteristics displayed in 5 tables. The major variables include: Type of building, year of construction, as well as number of housing units, number of households and their members.
· Characteristics of Housing Units and Households:
This section includes 21 tables related to these characteristics in terms of number of housing units, number of households and the persons therein, type of occupancy, type of tenure, type of housing unit, number of rooms, in addition to tables related to characteristics of head of household such as sex, age, relation to labour force and educational qualification.
· General Characteristics of Persons:
Seventeen tables are included in this section related to distribution of population by: sex, age, nationality, average size of household, type of household, place of birth, previous place of residence and other related characteristics.
· Educational Characteristics:
Eight tables are included in this section show: educational characteristics of population by age groups, sex, educational specialization and nationality.
The largest set of tables (59 tables), are included in this section. These tables provide data on economic characteristics by sex, occupation and industry, educational qualification, employment status and nationality. Other tables also include data on unemployed population and not economically active population by different characteristics.
Characteristics of Jordanians Abroad:
This section includes 4 tables related to the distribution of Jordanians abroad by sex, age, place of residence, duration of residence, reason for residence abroad and the countries they are residing in.
Characteristics of Non-Jordanians:
Eighteen tables are included in this section. These tables provide information on the distribution of non-Jordanians by: age, sex, nationality, reason for residence, occupation, industry, educational qualification with specialization and marital status. In addition to several characteristics that could be extracted from some of tables related to non-Jordanians mentioned in other previous sections.
8.5.4 Recommended Dissemination
The census results have been disseminated according to the following concept:
1. Tabulation doesn’t include all Jordanian visitors who spent the night of 30/11-1/12/2007, as they are almost one night visitors and return back to their place of residence after spending the weekend there. If this census was to cover the whole Kingdom, they would be counted within their usual place of residence. Therefore, they will not be added to Aqaba city population, but they will be mentioned when presenting and analyzing the results.
2. In regard to the foreign visitors, tourists and transit persons, they are counted within the Aqaba city population according to the approved definitions and their data are tabulated where applicable.